The Legal Theory Bookworm recommends The Burger Court and the Rise of the Judicial Right by Michael J. Graetz & Linda Greenhouse. Here is a description:
A fresh and revelatory look at the Warren Burger Supreme Court finds that it was not a “moderate” or transitional court, as often portrayed, but a conservative one that still defines the constitutional landscape we live in today.
When Richard Nixon campaigned for the presidency in 1968 he promised to change the Supreme Court. With four appointments to the court, including Warren E. Burger as the chief justice, he did just that. In 1969, the Burger Court succeeded the famously liberal Warren Court, which had significantly expanded civil liberties and was despised by conservatives across the country.
The Burger Court is often described as a “transitional” court between the liberal Warren Court and the Rehnquist and Roberts Courts, a court where little of importance happened. But as Michael J. Graetz and Linda Greenhouse show, the Burger Court veered well to the right in such areas as criminal law, race, and corporate power. Even while declaring a right to abortion in Roe v. Wade, it drew the line at government funding for poor women. The authors excavate the roots of the most significant Burger Court decisions and show how their legacy affects us today.
The most comprehensive evaluation of the Burger Supreme Court ever written for a general audience, The Burger Court and the Rise of the Judicial Right draws on the personal papers of the justices as well as other archives to reveal how the Court shaped its major decisions. It will surprise even legal scholars and historians with its insights into a period that has received too little attention from either.
And from the reviews:
“When the Supreme Court unanimously ruled against President Nixon in the famous 1974 Watergate Tapes Case that doomed his presidency, Nixon cursed the justices he had appointed. The myth grew that Nixon had failed to significantly move the Court to right. In their compelling, elegantly written analysis, two brilliant legal scholars (and clear-eyed explainers) convincingly demolish that myth.” (Evan Thomas, author of Being Nixon)
"[A] landmark new book. . . . Thrillingly intelligent analysis of the ways the Burger Court handled the massive legacy it was handed by the Warren Court. . . .Graetz and Greenhouse are tough but even-handed, dealing equally in personalities and precedents and creating some energetic reading along the way." (Steve Donoghue Christian Science Monitor)
“In this fresh and often surprising return to the Burger Court years, Graetz and Greenhouse show how that court, generally dismissed for failing to reverse the liberal arc of the Warren Court era, embedded significant conservative markers in areas of the law critical to consumers, women, prisoners, business, voters and others. Using the justices’ papers and their own deep understanding of the Supreme Court, the authors bring to life the complex personalities and internal struggles of the Burger Court in a changing nation. And, they offer the reader an accessible bridge from the outcomes of those struggles to landmark rulings in the Rehnquist and Roberts Courts. This illuminating trip through history is well worth taking.” (Marcia Coyle, Chief Washington Correspondent, The National Law Journal, and author of The Roberts Court: The Struggle for the Constitution)
"This is the best kind of legal history: cogent, relevant, and timely, given the focus on the Court’s role and power after the death of Justice Scalia." (Publishers Weekly)
"Timely and engaging, Graetz and Greenhouse’s study provides a richly detailed look at the high court’s jurisprudence on the most heated issues of the past half-century. Even readers who follow the court’s work closely will find revelatory reporting." (Jay Strafford Richmond Times-Dispatch)
“This revelatory book resets how we think about the Constitution and the Supreme Court that interprets it. The Court led by Chief Justice Warren Burger is often seen as an afterthought, wedged between the Warren Court and the hard right Justices today. In fact the 1970s and 1980s set the pattern for decades of American life, on topics from campaign finance to presidential power to criminal law. With clarity and insight, Michael Graetz and Linda Greenhouse show how the often jumbled doctrines of that time helped produce the America of today.” (Michael Waldman, President, Brennan Center for Justice at NYU School of Law and author of The Fight to Vote)
“An insightful and well-researched examination of the Burger Court." (Library Journal (starred review))
“In The Burger Court and the Rise of the Judicial Right, Graetz and Greenhouse offer an insightful and intimate view of life and law behind the scenes in the Burger Court. By exploring the debates among the justices on such fundamental issues as women’s rights, abortion, the death penalty, religion, and racial equality, they offer exciting new perspectives on the interactions of the justices and the evolution of the law in the Court that was created by Richard Nixon.” (Geoffrey Stone, Edward H. Levi Distinguished Service Professor at the University of Chicago, and chief editor the Inalienable Rights series)
“With crisp intelligence and notable fairness, The Burger Court and the Rise of the Judicial Right shows how quickly and profoundly politics can reshape the law of the land. The appointment of four conservative justices in the Nixon years led the Court to gut landmark rulings, empowering the judicial right in ways that still reign. Michael Graetz and Linda Greenhouse have written an engrossing and excellent book that will lead Court-watchers to think in importantly different terms about the Burger Court. The book also makes clear why, with openings expected soon on the current Court, it should be a paramount concern in the 2016 elections.” (Lincoln Caplan, Senior Research Scholar, Yale Law School, and author of The Tenth Justice: The Solicitor General and the Rule of Law)
“With remarkable skill, Michael Graetz and Linda Greenhouse show how the Burger Court eroded the equality that underlay almost all the work of the Warren Court. They make a compelling case that it provided the vital seedbed that enabled the judicial right of the Rehnquist and Roberts eras to flower. This extraordinary book will engage everyone who cares about the contemporary Supreme Court and its history.” (Laura Kalman, Professor of History, University of California, Santa Barbara)
“Michael Graetz and Linda Greenhouse’s wonderful book on the Burger Court is the best survey and analysis that I have seen of the actions and implications of the decisions of that Court. It will be indispensable for scholars as well as ordinary citizens interested in the political and constitutional history of that fraught period of time. It was a fascinating Court and worthy of close attention and analysis. The authors have done it justice.” (John Ferejohn, Samuel Tilden Professor of Law, NYU Law School)